Eye Lid Diseases

Eyelid problems can encompass various conditions affecting the upper eyelid region.

Inflammation of the eyelid margins can affect both the upper and lower eyelids. It may cause redness, swelling, itching, and crusting of the eyelashes.

This is a condition characterized by excess, sagging skin on the upper eyelid. It is often associated with aging and can lead to a tired or heavy appearance.

Entropion is a condition where the eyelid turns inward, causing eyelashes and skin to rub against the eye, leading to discomfort. It may occur constantly or during specific eye movements. Artificial tears can provide relief, but surgery is often necessary. Untreated entropion can damage the cornea, cause infections, and result in vision loss.

Ectropion involves the outward turning of the eyelid, exposing the inner surface and making it susceptible to irritation. Typically affecting the lower eyelid, severe cases can turn the entire length of the eyelid outward. Artificial tears can alleviate symptoms, but surgery is usually required for a complete correction.

Ptosis refers to the drooping or falling of the upper eyelid, worsening with prolonged wakefulness due to muscle fatigue. SIt can be congenital (present from birth) or acquired due to aging, injury, or certain medical conditions. Severe ptosis, if untreated, may lead to conditions like amblyopia or astigmatism, emphasizing the importance of early intervention in children to prevent vision development issues.

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